chlorinated paraffin long chain length 20% chlorine for lubricants italy

  • Chlorinated Paraffins - Environment and Climate Change Canada

    Following the assessment of chlorinated paraffins conducted under the first Priority Substances List (PSL1), available data were considered inadequate to evaluate whether medium and long chain chlorinated paraffins were considered to be “toxic” as defined under section 11 of the 1988 Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA 1988). While information on the environmental effects of short ...

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  • Biodegradation of chlorinated paraffins and long-chain ...

    Jun 01, 1999· 1. Introduction. Chlorinated paraffin is a term applied to a large group of industrially important chemicals derived from n-paraffins.They have a chain-length of between 10–30 carbon atoms, and a degree of chlorination of 40–70% (w w −1) (Birtley et al., 1980).Chlorinated paraffins are widely used as plasticisers, lubricants and flame retardants, …

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  • TOX/2009/02 COMMITTEE ON TOXICITY OF CHEMICALS IN …

    paraffin. They contain varying numbers of chlorine atoms, with a maximum of one chlorine atom per carbon. Depending on the length of the carbon skeleton CPs are classified as short (SCCPs: C10-13), medium (MCCPs: C14-17) and long chain (LCCPs: C18-26). The industrial applications of CPs vary depending on the chain

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  • Headspace Solid-Phase Microextraction Coupled to ...

    Commercial standards of SCCPs (C 10–13, 55.5% chlorination; 100 µg/mL in cyclohexane), medium-chain chlorinated paraffins (MCCPs, C 14–17, 52% chlorination; 100 µg/mL in cyclohexane), and long-chain chlorinated paraffins (LCCPs, C 18–20, 49% chlorination; 100 µg/mL in cyclohexane) were purchased from Dr. Ehrenstorfer GmbH (Augsburg ...

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  • Determination of Chlorinated Paraffins by Bromide-Anion ...

    Chlorinated paraffins (CPs) represent a diverse mixture of polychlorinated straight-chain alkanes (C n H 2n+2–m Cl m, where n = 6–38) commonly used as plasticizers, flame retardants, and metal cutting fluids. Short-chain (C 10–13, SCCPs), medium-chain (C 14–17, MCCPs), and long-chain CPs (C ≥18, LCCPs) are the most common commercial CP mixtures. ...

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  • (PDF) Medium-Chain Chlorinated Paraffins (CPs) Dominate in ...

    less depending on the chain length and chlorine degree. For. ... (up to 86%), 20 kitchen ... Bioaccumulative and Toxic (PBT) properties, while medium and long chain chlorinated paraffins …

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  • US6245721B1 - Lubrication additive composition - Google ...

    The lubricant additive formulation for introduction into a petroleum based carrier, such as, motor oil, in which the additive contains substantially equal amounts of naphthenic oil and chlorinated paraffin with minor amounts of a paraffin oil and anti-wear and anti-oxidant agents; and in certain applications, metal powders or soaps are introduced into the additive together with an effective ...

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  • Cereclor M20 | Coatings, Adhesives, and Sealants ...

    Cereclor M20 is a long-chain chlorinated paraffin (C18-C20 chain length). Cereclor M20 is used as a plasticizer and flame retardant in coatings, adhesives, and sealants. Cereclor M20 is also used as an extreme pressure (EP) additive in metalworking fluids and lubricants.

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  • (PDF) Medium-Chain Chlorinated Paraffins (CPs) Dominate in ...

    less depending on the chain length and chlorine degree. For. ... (up to 86%), 20 kitchen ... Bioaccumulative and Toxic (PBT) properties, while medium and long chain chlorinated paraffins …

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  • Chlorinated Paraffin | Paraffin Product | Chloro Paraffin 45%

    Chlorinated paraffin are viscous, colorless or yellowish, dense oils, except for the chlorinated paraffins of long carbon chain length (C20-C30) with high chlorine content (70%), which are solid. Chlorinated Paraffins have a characteristic slight and not unpleasant odor.

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  • Chlorinated paraffins: references - Canada.ca

    IRDC (1984) 13-week dietary toxicity study in rats with combined excretion, tissue level and elimination studies/determination of excretion, tissue level and elimination after single oral (gavage) administration to rats. Chlorinated paraffin: 70% chlorination of long chain length n-paraffins; 14C labeled CP.

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  • (PDF) Advances in Studies on Toxic Effects of Short-Chain ...

    on the length of the carbon chain: short-chain chlorinated paraffins (C 10 –C 13 , SCCPs), medium-chain chlorinated paraffins (C 14 –C 17 , MCCPs), and long-c hain chlorinated

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  • Short-, Medium-, and Long-Chain Chlorinated Paraffins in ...

    Chlorinated paraffins (CPs) are complex mixtures produced by direct radical chlorination of n-alkane feedstocks. CPs are generally classified as either short-chain (SCCPs, C 10–13), medium-chain (MCCPs, C 14–17), or long-chain (LCCPs, C ≥18).Differences in carbon chain length and degree of chlorination result in a diverse range of physical-chemical properties that …

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  • Optimization and validation of an analytical method for ...

    Jul 22, 2020· The average migration efficiencies of short-chain chlorinated paraffins (SCCPs) (12.15%) were significantly higher than medium-chain chlorinated paraffins (MCCPs) (1.51%) except …

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  • Complex Mixtures of Chlorinated Paraffins Found in Hand ...

    20 They are mostly applied in consumer products as flame retardants, fat liquors of leather, lubricants, and plasticizers. Current annual global production has exceeded 1 million tons.21 CP industrial products can be categorized as short-chain (SCCPs, C 10−13), medium-chain (MCCPs, C 14−17), or long-chain (LCCPs, C≥18) CPs on the

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